Olympic Competition Format and Rules
Only Individual Trampoline is recognised as an Olympic discipline. 16 male and 16 female competitors (maximum two per NOC) take part in the Olympic Games. The competition consists of a qualification and a final, which will take place on one day for women and on the second day for men with the following format:
Trampoline competitions comprise three routines (first exercise, voluntary exercise and final) with ten elements in each. A routine on the trampoline is characterised by high, continuous rhythmic feet to feet, to back, front or seat rotational jumping elements, without hesitation or intermediate straight jumps.
There are two routines in the Qualifying Round. The first one includes only 2 (or more) of the 10 elements counting as Difficulty, which cannot be repeated in the Voluntary exercise. The second is a Voluntary routine.
The starting order for the Qualifying Round is decided by a draw.
There is one voluntary routine in the Final. The gymnasts with the eight best scores from the Qualifying Round will go forward to the Final. Only two gymnasts per member federation may compete in the Final. They start the Final with a score of zero. The starting order will be in order of merit; the gymnast with the lowest score in the Qualifying Round is going first. At the FIG events The winner is the gymnast, pair or team with the highest number of points obtained in the Final.
Differences between FIG World Championships and the Olympic Games
There are no qualifications for the World Championships, but strict qualifications for the Olympic Games made at the World Championships prior to the Games. Only Individual Trampoline is recognised as an Olympic discipline. At the World Championships some other events are contested, such as synchronised trampoline (2 competitors on separate trampolines performing simultaneously), double mini-trampoline and tumbling. There are also team events for all disciplines at the World Championships.
Superior Jury and Jury of Appeal
In Trampoline Gymnastics, a Superior Jury functions at the Olympic Games, the World Championships, the World Games and the World Cup Finals.
Penalties and disqualification
Penalties are given for major errors, such as walking on the Trampoline's frame. In cases of disregard for the regulations, or unsportsmanlike conduct, a competitor will receive a warning and will be disqualified if the case or act continues.
Inquiries on the Difficulty score only are possible. An inquiry can only be made by the Head of Delegation or Coach of that gymnast. It cannot be made for a gymnast from another team.
Start of a routine
Each gymnast will start on a signal given by the Chair of Judges Panel. After the signal has been given, the gymnast must initiate the first element within one minute.
Required positions during an element
In all positions, feet and legs should be kept together and feet and toes pointed.
Straight position: the angle between the upper body and thighs must be greater than 135°.
Pike position: the angle between the upper body and thighs must be equal to or less than 135° and the angle between the thighs and the lower legs must be greater than 135°.
Tuck position: the angle between the upper body and thighs must be equal to or less than 135° and the angle between the thighs and the lower legs must be equal to or less than 135°.
Repetition of elements
During a routine no element may be repeated, otherwise the difficulty of the repeated element will not be counted (exception: Tumbling. A repeated element will be counted if preceded by a different element).
Termination of a routine
The routine must end under control in an upright position, with both feet on the trampoline bed.
After the final landing the gymnast must stand upright for approximately three seconds.
Two types of mark are used, 'A' type mark, which is the total of the degree of difficulty in one routine and 'B' type mark, which is the total given by an Execution Judge in one routine. The total score for a routine is based on one A mark plus three B marks.
The difficulty of each element is calculated on the basis of the amount of twist and somersault rotation with a bonus for completed (360°) somersaults (0.1pt).
The evaluation of execution, the difficulty and the synchronisation is done in 10ths of a point. The Judges must write their deductions independently of one another. When signalled by the Chair of Judges panel, the marks of the Execution and Synchronisation Judges must be shown simultaneously.
The deductions for poor execution and additional deductions on the instruction of CJP are subtracted from the maximum mark, i.e. 10.0 points.
In individual competition the highest and lowest marks of the five Execution Judges are deleted and the three remaining marks are added together to give the gymnast's execution score for the routine.
The difficulty score is added to the execution score. The recorders will calculate the total score by adding together the B marks (execution) plus A mark (difficulty) minus penalties.